Everything About The Cat has evolved so that it can feed on other live animals. It has to be a fast thinker, a fast killer, and, in order to outwit other predators, a fast eater. Therefore, all cats and their bodies are thin are agile and have very fast reactions, and powerful. Cats are very intelligent, and their brains are large in relation to the size of their bodies. Their diet consists of meat alone. After a kill, the wildcat will gorge itself on the ﬂesh of its prey and then may go for several days digesting this meat, before it can scrape ﬂesh from bones as well as draw food into the month. Cats have to sweat glaﬂds and reduce excess body heat by sweating, However, their fur and reduce excess body heat by sweating. covering leaves only the glands on the paw pads and, in some Cases, the nose, effective for heat loss. The male cat has large anal glands which produce the pungent smell that makes many people prefer to have their mi tomcats rendered sterile.
Claws are formed of keratin a protein which also forms I the outer layer of skin and is found in human nails. The cat’s hind paws have four claws each; the forepaws, five each. The fifth claw is placed like a thumb and helps the cat to grip when climbing or holding prey.
A fur coat has many uses. It keeps the cat warm, acts as camouﬂage, carries the scent of the animal, and acts as an organ of touch by means of the sensitive roots of each hair. All wild cats have a two-layered coat: an undercoat of fine soft wool, and an outer coat of coarser, longer hairs (guard hairs). The hairs of the outer coat carry the fur’s spotted or striped pattern.
CLAWS FOR CONCERN
All cats except the cheetah have a unique arrangement for the protection of their claws. When the claws are relaxed, they are covered by a bony sheath – an extension of the last bone of each toe (top). The claws are rapidly extended by special flexor muscles, and the toes spread out at the same time. (above)
It is easy to see how different the furs of cats are when they are placed side by side in this way. It is also easy to see why, for hundreds of years, cat fur has been used to make coats for humans. Today, many people feel
that it is cruel to kill animals for their fur.
The spotted coat of the leopard is perfect for camouﬂage and makes the cat invisible in the sun-dappled, wooded grasslands where it lives. Only the tawny-yellow eyes of this leopard would be seen, as the cat waits to stare intently for any movement that might mean the
The muscular body of the lioness follows the line of her skeleton. She has a rounded head, a short face, a lithe body, long legs, and a long tail which helps the heavy cat to balance when she leaps on her prey. Sensitive whiskers on the sides of her face help her to find her way in the dark. The parts of the brain that control the senses of sight, smell, hearing, and balance are particularly well-developed in cats.
The purr is another characteristic of the small cat. In all small cats, the set of bones at the base of the tongue is hard and bony. In big cats, which can only roar, these bones are made partly of cartilage The cat puns when vibrations are set up in the bones by the nervous system, Both wild and domesticated cats purr when they are content, and female cats pun when suckling their kittens Cats also pun“ when they are worried or sometimes when in pain.
The curly coat of this rex is an abnormality caused by genetic mutation. Inbreeding reduces gene variability and leads to the appearance of abnormal genes in the offspring.
This picture shows how the digestive system fits into the body cavity and is enclosed by the ribs and the
muscles of the belly. The throat leads into the esophagus, which takes the food to the stomach and then to the small intestine. Here the nutritious parts of the food are absorbed into the bloodstream. The waste matter passes through the large intestine and out of the anus.
The special grimace (flehmen) of this lion shows that he is using the Jacobson’s (taste-smell) organ to tell if there is a lioness in heat nearby, By lifting his head and curling back his upper lip, the lion is drawing the scent-laden air over the Jacobson’s organ in the
When the skin is removed, the arrangement of the muscles can be seen. The muscles Qf the shoulder are very powerful and are used when the cat leaps onto its prey.roof of his mouth.
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